Census statistics results in the Principality of Monaco were presented recently at the City Hall of Monaco by Mayor Georges Marsan and Lionel Galfré, director of the IMSEE.
The figures of the census of the Principality carried out in 2016 have just been released. According to estimates by the Monegasque Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (IMSEE), 37,308 people resided in the Principality on 7 June 2016. This corresponds to 5.5% more than in 2008, at the time of the last census. Or an overall increase of 10,000 inhabitants in three decades.
An aging population
The average age of the population in the Principality is 46.5 years. A relatively high figure, especially in comparison with France, where the average age of the population as a whole is around 41 years (provisional figures from INSEE). Monegasque residents are also aging: the average age in 2012 was 43.8 years. It is also noted that 25.9% of the population is over 64 years old, compared with 22.68% in 2008 and 22.43% in 2000.
Large proportion of French People
The French represent 9,286 inhabitants of the Principality, or 24.89% of its total population. Among the 139 nationalities represented in the resident population, the French are leading, just ahead of the Monegasques (8,394) and the Italians (8,172). For the first time since 1982, the French population is recovering moreover. It should be noted that this number of French people includes 12.3% of people with more than one nationality.
Locals on the move
According to IMSEE’s statistics, 24.7% of the current population resided in another country on 1 January 2008. As the population increased by only 55%, we can therefore estimate the proportion of residents who have left the country during the period to be about 20%. The population is mobile; few people live in Monaco all their lives: only 32%, of which 25% are adults.
More and more main residences
Monaco now counts 17,299 main residences out of 19,534 of housing in total. In 2008, for 19,045 housing units, only 14,528 were main residences. People with housing in the Principality are therefore increasingly making it their main residence.
The results still to come
Lionel Galfré made it clear on Tuesday morning that the full analysis of the results had not yet finished. Extremely accurate studies are expected to be released in the coming weeks, and a complete dossier will be available on the I’lmsee website.
Some count twice
In the count of nationalities, we find the case of plurinationals. If we take the example of a Franco-Italian, he is counted twice: once as a Frenchman and once as an Italian. The same applies to those with 3 or 4 nationalities, etc.
Another indication of this census is the return to the rise in the number of French residents declared resident in the Principality after more than thirty years of a downward trend.
The arrival of the Russians
It should be noted that the Greeks and the Russians have made their way into the top 10 since the last census. In 2008, Monaco had 107 inhabitants. Today, the Russian community accounts for about 2% of the population with 749 members. The Russians are therefore the seventh most represented nationality in the Principality, behind France, Monaco, Italy, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Belgium and Germany. Monaco continues to be one of the very few countries in the world where nationals are a minority.
Married people first