The new initiatives introduced for Monaco are occupational therapy instead of imprisonment and allowing organ donation. These two new legislative initiatives were supported by “Horizon Monaco,” the largest political group of the Principality. They met in the National Council with local journalists back in April this year, the day after the Council elected its new president. Back then, the representative of “Horizon Monaco” lost the election to Christophe Steiner. Today, only four months later, the party is headed by Laurent Nouvion, who is happy to share their legislative initiatives that they submitted to Christophe Steiner.
The National Council of Monaco is a representative assembly that votes for the adoption of laws and the state budget. It also has a limited legislative initiative. Members of the Council can, therefore, submit their proposals on new laws or amendments. The Prince of Monaco is the one who studies these initiatives. The fundamental principle of the legal system in Monaco is a mutual agreement between the Prince and the National Council.
Claude Boisson is the author of the occupational therapy project in the Principality. The idea is to allow judges to impose community service in lieu of imprisonment for people aged over 16 who commit a petty offence. The offenders will not have to serve a long labour sentence, but they will work for free. Such a system has been used in France for 30 years, much to everybody’s satisfaction. However, the Monaco law will be somewhat different from the French as the offender gets to choose whether he prefers imprisonment or community service.
The second initiative on organ donation was proposed by five members of “Horizon Monaco” and Pierre Svara. The topic of organ donation has been carefully avoided up until recently, as it was almost a taboo for the following reason. France stipulates that unless a person expressly refuses to be a donor after his death, his organs may be removed to save the life of someone else, without any special consent or permission on his or her side. Monaco does not have any laws or regulations on this sensitive subject. So if a Monegasque wished to become a donor upon his or her death, a special form needed to be signed in France. This “taboo” touched the heart of Beatrice Fresco-Relf who became the author of this project. Beatrice and her colleagues suggest creating a legal framework for organ donation in Monaco. However, while the entire population of France is potential post-mortem donors—except those who sign a refusal—Monaco offers to do the opposite. If someone would like to donate their organs, they should stipulate it in writing.
The author of the project states that the Princely Church has supported this initiative. The law itself will be based on three principles: donation is not paid, the anonymity of the donor and recipient is ensured and a special register needs to be created where people could put their name up for being a donor.
These initiatives our representatives seem to be very relevant and useful. It is now up to the Prince of Monaco to make a final decision.
Source: Monaco Matin