Celebrations for Sainte Devote, patron saint of Monaco, takes place on January 26 and 27. These celebrations are one of the oldest traditions in the Principality of Monaco, a tradition that has permeated the national culture in fields as diverse as religion, folklore, popular belief, history, literature, arts, painting, music, numismatics and philately.
The tradition, which has held a privileged place in the hearts of Monegasques for centuries, comes from the “Legend of Saint Devote” found in a medieval document. According to this legend, Devota (Devote), a young Christian native of Corsica was martyred by the prefect Barbarus under Emperors Diocletian and Maximian in the year 303 or 304. Her body, stolen the following night by faithful people, was put on a boat, brought to Monaco and buried in a chapel of the valley called “Gaumates” near the port, on the 27th of January of the same year. Under Honoré II, in the XVII century, Sainte Devote became patroness of Monaco.
Since 1874, the tradition has continued every year: a boat is burned in the presence of the Sovereign and the Princely Family, accompanied by Monegasque personalities. Once the boat is burned, there is a firework display at Port Hercule. On the 27th of January, the feast day, a solemn Mass is celebrated in the Cathedral by the Archbishop of the Diocese. The Princely Family, the Prince’s Government, the elected assemblies and the constituted bodies and members of the public attend this ceremony. After the ceremony, a procession with the participation of Penitents of the Archconfraternity of Mercy heads towards the Prince’s Palace with the shrine containing relics escorted by the Carabiniers du Prince.
The procession stops on the Place du Palais. An Honour Guard and the Carabinier du Prince Orchestra pay tribute to them. A celebrant then blesses the Princely Family and the relics. The procession then goes to the ramparts, another celebrant is blessed for Monaco and its population. Finally back in front of the cathedral, a last celebrant is blessed for the sea and the fishermen.
Saint Devote Celebrations Schedule
January 26, 2022
10:30 – Church of St. Devota: traditional Mass in Monegasque.
18:45 – Arrival of the symbolic boat at the Yacht Club of Monaco and the start of the solemn procession towards the Church of St. Devota.
19:00 – Solemn Mass in honor of the Saint in the presence of the Archbishop of Monaco and the entire Princely family.
19:30 – Burning of the symbolic boat in the presence of the Princely family.
January 27, 2022
10:00 – Mass at the Cathedral of Monaco.
At the end of the mass, a solemn procession will begin through the streets of Monaco with the relics of Saint Virgin.
More information: www.saintedevotemonaco.com